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Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Dioxide is a chemical compound containing one atom of Carbon (C) covalently bonded to two atoms of Oxygen (O), designated by the symbol CO2. It has a molar mass of 44.0095 and is present in our atmosphere at a concentration of approximately 385 parts per million (PPM). Carbon Dioxide can be produced from the combustion of coal or other hydrocarbons (most commonly natural gas), as well as by the fermentation of liquids and respiration of most living animals.

Carbon Dioxide is colorless, mostly odorless, and has a slight sour taste at high concentrations due to its weak acidity. It is 1.5 times denser than air and absorbs infrared and near-infrared radiation strongly, therefore playing a significant role in the greenhouse effect.

Applications include temperature control in reactors, acidification of alkaline effluents in chemical synthesis, inerting, supercritical flued extraction and acidification in pharmaceutical manufacturing, carbonation of beverages such as soft drinks, packaging of food products due to inerting and bacteriostatic properties when used with Nitrogen, decaffeination, in surgical dilation, fume suppression in metallurgy, waste water treatment, and in fire extinguishers.

Carbon Dioxide European Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Carbon Dioxide (Solid) Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)